Graphs

Children living in deprived areas are 2.6 times as likely to die before their first birthday as children in less deprived areas
Life expectancy (years) in Scotland 1855-2020
Poor mental wellbeing in adolescents has increased across all levels of deprivation, with a small decline in inequalities
Inequalities in childhood obesity risk at the start of school have widened over the past decade
Developmental concerns in toddlers have fallen, but inequalities remain
Babies in the most deprived areas twice as likely to be born low birthweight, with few signs of improvement
There are extremely large inequalities in female healthy life expectancy
Healthy life expectancy for male babies has declined and is now 24 years shorter in the most deprived areas compared to the least
Inequalities in probable suicide deaths in 15 to 44-year-olds males declined between 2010 and 2015
There were large declines in absolute inequalities in alcohol deaths in the first decade of the 21st century, but these have stalled, and inequalities remain large
Drug deaths have increased exponentially since 2013 and those living in the most deprived areas are 20 times as likely to die
Declines in absolute inequalities in female avoidable mortality during the 2000s have reversed
Absolute inequalities in avoidable mortality in males were falling during the 2000s, but have started to increase
Inequalities in infant mortality are large by parental occupational status
The social gradient in problem gambling is smaller for income than for area-level deprivation although numbers are very small
The prevalence of problem gambling is very low overall, but highest in the most deprived areas
The proportion of adults not meeting recommended physical activity levels are falling in the least deprived fifth of areas faster than the most deprived fifth
Children living in more deprived areas are more likely to engage in low levels of formal physical activity (although accelerometer data including informal activity too show no inequalities)
Babies from White Scottish backgrounds are most likely to not be breastfed
There are large inequalities in successful ageing and especially for cognitive functioning
The proportion of babies not being breastfed at 6-8 weeks is gradually declining but inequalities are persisting
Relative inequalities in health have largely been maintained
Hospitalisations for psychiatric disorders are highest among White Scottish men and those with a mixed ethnicity
The prevalence of psychological distress amongst adults has increased slightlywith no signs of improvement in any group
Inequalities in asthma hospitalisations by area deprivation are greater than they are for asthma diagnoses
Inequalities in asthma diagnoses by household income are small
There are small inequalities in asthma diagnoses, with little change over the past decade
Smoking in pregnancy is decreasing but inequalities are large, with rates eleven times higher in the most deprived (compared to the least deprived) fifth of areas
Since the introduction of a new, simpler test (in 2017), failure to take up bowel screening has potentially started to decrease – although uptake is still lower among males
Relative inequalities in health and social care services have mainly fluctuated, although they remain relatively large
Amenable mortality has fallen in women, as has the absolute gap between the most and least deprived areas, but less dramatically than for men
Amenable mortality and absolute inequalities were falling in men, but these improvements have stalled
Inequalities in repeated emergency admissions have persisted
DNAs have fallen slightly over the past five years, but remain far higher in the most deprived areas
There is geographical variation in bowel screening uptake with some areas not meeting targets
Proportion of eligible adults not taking up bowel screening has declined across all areas, although national targets are still not being met in the most deprived areas
Inequalities in MMR uptake (first dose, 2 years) have widened since ~2014 and the WHO target is only met in the least deprived 40% areas
‘Delayed’ antenatal bookings have fallen, but inequalities remainand the most deprived areas in particular have been left behind
Hazardous and harmful alcohol consumption increases as area deprivation decreases